When you think of correctional prison supervision, what do you think of? The Panopticon, maybe? Elevated walkways? Watchtowers? Well, supervision in carceral environments is a highly complicated operation requiring coordination among staff, technology, and design. In this episode, I chat with two experts in the evolution of supervision models. They’ll discuss their experiences studying early examples of direct supervision and the interplay between design and operations toward the safe and effective management of a facility.


Lorenzo Lopez


Richard Wener, PhD, is Emeritus Professor of Environmental Psychology at the Tandon School of Engineering of New York University. He is a fellow and past president of Division 34 of the American Psychological Association, and received the Career and Distinguished Service Awards from the Environmental Design Research Association and the Distinguished Scholar Research Award from the International Corrections and Prisons Association. Professor Wener’s has conducted post occupancy evaluations and other studies in dozens of jails and prisons, culminating his 2012 book The Environmental Psychology of Prisons and Jails: Creating Humane Environments in Secure Settings from Cambridge University Press. He has had the opportunity to study the development of excellent urban spaces as part of the consultant team for the Rudy Bruner Award for Urban Excellence.

Jay Farbstein


Second appearance on the podcast! Jay has more than 30 years of professional experience and is nationally recognized for his contributions in the areas of justice facility planning and programming, with particular focus on corrections and courts. He was lead author of “Correctional Facility Planning and Design” published by Van Nostrand Reinhold. Jay has led projects for clients including the National Institute of Corrections and many federal, state and local jurisdictions nationwide. Jay is a registered architect in California and Fellow of the American Institute of Architects where he founded and co-chairs the Academy of Architecture for Justice’s research program which has led the way in fostering evidence-based design for justice facilities. Jay earned a Master of Architecture degree from Harvard University and a Ph.D. in Environmental Studies from the University of London.

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