Jurisdictions around the country have been actively developing policies and practices to provide alternatives to traditional justice-involvement, particularly for those with mental health and substance use disorders. These pre-arrest and pretrial strategies, deflection and diversion, respectively, include a broad range of formal and informal approaches to keep individuals out of or remove individuals from the justice system. As these practices are rapidly gaining popularity, the new AIA-Academy of Architecture for Justice Deflection & Diversion Working Group is part of an effort by the AIA-AAJ Research & Technology Committee to catalog and analyze nationwide policy implementations toward the development of a clearinghouse of best practices in deflection and diversion across the United States and internationally.


Curtiss Pulitzer


Curtiss J. Pulitzer is one of the nation’s leading experts in justice facility design and operations planning, with over 40 years of experience in the planning of justice facilities.  A criminal justice planner and a licensed architect, Mr. Pulitzer has been involved in justice facility planning and development in more than 45 states, serving clients at all levels of government.    He has assisted numerous public officials and agencies providing in-depth counsel and analysis and has furnished hands-on management support during the planning, construction, and activation of numerous criminal justice facilities.  Mr. Pulitzer typically assists clients with master planning, architectural programming, conceptual design development, life safety issues, incarceration alternatives, capital projects development, and owner representation.  His vast experience with correctional health care at both the state and local level has been a major focus of his work for the last ten years. In his effort to support social justice, he has helped agencies in developing systemic approaches to diverting the mentally ill and those afflicted with substance abuse disorder from incarceration and into treatment.

 He has been a frequent consultant to the National Institute of Corrections Jail Center for both training and program development in the areas of criminal justice system planning, and facility design and programming. In addition, he is often called upon to be a guest speaker for national organizations including the American Jail Association, the American Correctional Association and the American Institute of Architects Committee on Architecture for Justice.

Carol Lanham


Lanham has over 35 years of experience working in the A/E/C industry specializing in justice projects for county, state and federal agencies. She spent 5 of those years working for the Federal Court as the circuit architect for the Eighth Circuit, US Courts representing federal court agencies on capital construction projects. As an architect, senior project manager and market sector leader, Carol has managed large teams in the development of needs assessments, programming, design and construction documents on numerous courthouse, jail and corrections projects across the nation. She believes that well-designed justice facilities have the power to positively impact the physical and mental well-being of the people who live and work in them and is passionate about providing buildings that do just that.

Carol is a Principal at Lionakis and leads the Civic Studio in Southern California. She is Director of Mentorship for AWA+D, vice chair of the AIA LA GO! Committee, member of the AIA AAJ Technology Committee and has been a UL Fire Council member for over 15 years.

Jeff Hyman


Mr. Hyman is an architect who has committed the majority of his 25+ years of practice to the planning and design of courts, correctional facilities and juvenile centers. As a senior project manager, he has lead team collaborations with owners, users, and communities through successful courthouse and justice projects across the country. Several of his projects have received AIA design awards through their integration of operations, safety and security, sustainability, and building infrastructure.

 Jeff as forged a strong belief in the ability of architecture to support change for positive outcomes. Supportive environments should provide dignity, respect and equity to all who encounter the justice system. Jeff is an active member of the AIA Academy of Architecture for Justice, including the Diversion and Deflection sub-committee.

Additional Information

Deflection and Pre-Arrest Diversion


Bexar County, Texas Restoration Center (video)

Another Bexar County, Texas Restoration Center video

Cuyahoga County, Ohio Diversion Center

Marsy’s Law for Ohio

Harris County, Texas – The Harris Center for Mental Health and IDD

Yavapai County, Arizona Justice Center

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